Step-by-step instructions for reading a primary research article 1. Solutrean hypothesis in North American archaeology[ edit ] Main article: None had any genetic ties to Europe. Many, like Dennis Stanford and Bruce Bradley , have even attempted to duplicate the production of stone points from sites around the globe.
The industry was named by Gabriel de Mortillet to describe the second stage of his system of cave chronology, following the Mousterianand he considered it synchronous with the third division of the Quaternary period.
Another useful type of publication is a review article.
Katherine Plisko Good article. Sort of reminds me of the theory that you cannot compare Vietnam and the wars in the Middle East since there are differences. Summarize the background in Solutrean hypothesis sentences or less. The Solutreans had a distinctive way of making their stone blades and this same skill and technology has been found in numerous archaeological sites along the East coast of North America [B and C].
We know the Phoenicians and the Greeks and the later Vikings were great mariners and navigators. That is a ridiculous claim for the author to make. Why is there no corresponding genetic evidence of their wait. Here we describe the Cerutti Mastodon CM site, an archaeological site from the early late Pleistocene epoch, where in situ hammerstones and stone anvils occur in spatio-temporal association with fragmentary remains of a single mastodon Mammut americanum.
The inbreeding coefficient of the Spanish Habsburg kings increased strongly along generations from Solutrean hypothesis. Reading and understanding research papers is a skill which every single doctor and scientist has had to learn during graduate school.
This introduces another interesting hypothesis. The distinctive points are not found on the different islands in the Mediterranean, though that may reflect insufficient archeology and the likelihood that sites from the Solutrean period are underneath or more feet of water.
He also argued that crossing the Atlantic with the means available at the time would have been difficult, if not impossible.
Stanford and Bruce A. Do you agree with that. The decoding of the genomes of the oldest analyzed members of homo sapiens in both the Old and the New Worlds. And considering the North-Atlantic crossing you have to wonder how that would have been accomplished.
It must suck to be so desperate, to see similarities were there are none. Taking into account that C4c is deeply rooted in the Asian portion of the mtDNA phylogeny and is indubitably of Asian origin, the finding that C4c and X2a are characterized by parallel genetic histories definitively dismisses the controversial hypothesis of an Atlantic glacial entry route into North America.
That means they would have to average 10 miles a day, every day, while also hunting and taking care of the children and elders. The process will go much faster as you gain experience. No other North American culture has maintained the same style of processing stone over such a long period.
And not everyone starved during the cultural revolution, by any means. Has the study been conducted on 10, or 10, people.
Salistala As for the lack of similar bi-points in Siberia, that could be true but is misleading. And please feel free to share other resources in the comments. The report was published in Nature top-of-the-line in terms of peer review: His brief life consisted chiefly of a passage from prolonged infancy to premature senility.
The first time I went to Shanghai and Beijing I was immediately struck by how big the people were, and that was only 6 years after the end of the cultural revolution.
Amazing that people are willing to look at differences and say that is proof, instead of similarities. He had been fed by wet nurses until the age of 5 or 6 and was not allowed to walk until almost fully grown.
The Solutreans eventually spread across North America, carrying their distinctive blades with them and giving birth to the later Clovis culture, which emerged some 13, years ago. As a matter of fact, they found laurel leaf bi facial lithics in South Africamaybe the Solutreans went to Africa to learn the art of Lithic Making from their ancestors in Africa.
The map also suggests that the Clovis migration took them North through the ice-free corridor, although only a few artifacts have been found there.
By the time people in Virginia were making Clovis points around 13, BP, the site dredged by the Cinmar was almost 50 feet underneath the rising waters of the Atlantic Ocean.
Chemical analysis of the spear point showed that it originated from flint in an area that is now France. You can learn it too, but like any skill it takes patience and practice. The only other alternative they could suggest was that someone in a boat, many years later, lost the blade over the side, it coincidentally landed on the mastodon skull site, and by chance a scallop trawler excavated the younger blade and the older skull at the same time.
The Solutrean Hypothesis top That Native Americans today are descendants of peoples who migrated from eastern Asia is firmly established and no longer controversial (Daniel Defoe once argued they were descendants of the Carthagenians; see early theories of the origin of the indiginous peoples of the Americas).
I know I excoriate readers of this weblog for being stupid, ignorant, or lazy. But this constant badgering does result in genuinely insightful and important comments precisely and carefully stated on occasion. The pre-history of Europe is a long and largely uncertain period in which small windows of opportunity to view events can be gained through archaeology.
Masses of material are found each year by archaeologists, and a system was long ago needed to help organise all these findings. The system that. The Hapsburgs are one of those royal families who are relatively well known, and in the minds of the public are to a great extent the emblems of the downsides of inbreeding.
The Solutrean hypothesis argues that people from Europe may have been among the earliest settlers of the Americas.
Its notable recent proponents include Dennis Stanford of the Smithsonian Institution and Bruce Bradley of the University of Exeter.
This hypothesis contrasts with the mainstream archaeological orthodoxy that the North American continent was first populated by people from Asia. The Solutrean hypothesis is a minority opinion concerning the human settlement of North America.
It holds, essentially, during the Ice Age, anatomically modern humans from Europe crossed via an ice bridge or over open water to North America.Solutrean hypothesis